The Secret of Synchronization

31 mar 2021
6 832 748 visualizzazioni

How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico - go to www.kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any crate.
An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz - this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn't contribute to. His Podcast "The Joy of X" is wonderful - please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts www.quantamagazine.org/tag/the-joy-of-x
Nicky Case's Amazing Firefly Interactive - ncase.me/fireflies
Great Kuramoto Model Interactive - www.complexity-explorables.org/explorables/ride-my-kuramotocycle
References:
Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. - ve42.co/Sync
Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. - ve42.co/Strogatz2000
Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. - ve42.co/Goldsztein
The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster - ve42.co/Broughton
Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens's clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. - ve42.co/Bennett2002
Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. - ve42.co/Pantaleone2002
Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. -- ve42.co/Kuramoto1975
Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon - ve42.co/MinuteEarth
Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. - ve42.co/Strogatz2005
Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. - ve42.co/Zhabotinsky2007
Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. - ve42.co/Cardiac
Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. - ve42.co/Cherry2008
Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. - ve42.co/Tyson1994
Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. - ve42.co/Winfree2001
Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Fabio Albertelli and Jakub Misiek
GFX and 3D animation by Jonny Hyman
Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
Edited by Derek Muller
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci
More footage from NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
100 metronome video from itworlds.info/round/pKevpZWbpbSiaZo/video
Intro animation by Jorge Cham
Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: itworlds.info/round/enylYdeskqmupaY/video and
NileRed itworlds.info/round/fX5qm7qtm5FprYw/video
Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton - ve42.co/Cardiac and ve42.co/Cherry2008
Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program www.chem.uci.edu/~jsnowick/outreach/UCI_Outreach/index.html
Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O'Donoghue for the planetary science help
Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound epidemicsound.com "Seaweed" "Deeper Than The Ocean" "Ripple Effect"
Music also from Artlist artlist.com "Children of Mystery"
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

Commenti
  • It's pronounced pendulum not pendalum

    Fletcher JohnsonFletcher Johnson2 ore fa
  • Oh you really don't need the cheap red arrow click bait on the thumbnail.

    EricEric4 ore fa
  • I'm from Russia and I watch your videos, but I watch your videos from another channel that does Russian voice acting. But I still go to your channel looking for the right video and put a like. It was you who instilled in me a love for physics and I would like to say a huge thank you! You probably won't even read this comment, but I still want to write it. Thanks!

    Кабаняра КлыковКабаняра Клыков9 ore fa
  • i should be paying for this

    Ernest GonzalezErnest Gonzalez9 ore fa
  • You can’t understand the whole with the sum of its parts unless you first know who made the parts.

    Shawn SavageShawn Savage18 ore fa
  • Man if this doesn’t make you believe in God idk what will

    Shawn SavageShawn Savage19 ore fa
  • God made nature to function this way. How awesome is that!

    Shawn SavageShawn Savage19 ore fa
  • Without God there is no order, He sets everything in order!

    Shawn SavageShawn Savage19 ore fa
  • must be why iv never heard of or seen this bridge and work in london

    Family ThreeFamily ThreeGiorno fa
  • Outstanding demonstration , well said.

    Halima NasrinHalima NasrinGiorno fa
  • Someone please share the secret of synchronization with the Windows OS, because for more than 15 years not a single Windows machine I've ever had has successfully sychronized with a time server, not even once.

    FenrirFenrirGiorno fa
  • 7:30 " On your left"

    Sahil AryalSahil AryalGiorno fa
  • Me watching the video : 15:02

    Schwatzen zeroSchwatzen zeroGiorno fa
  • Veritasium : "So u naturally expect universe to be *MESSI* " Ronaldo fans : Nooo, i expect the universe to be Ronaldo.

    The Wolf GamingThe Wolf GamingGiorno fa
  • It also brought all the fighters to the strongest being on earth.

    Pilton JonesPilton JonesGiorno fa
  • Fun fact my last name is lento it’s also on metronomes 50bpm

    James LentoJames LentoGiorno fa
  • Fantastic video

    asher plattsasher plattsGiorno fa
  • How is clapping mysteriously synchronised?? We adjust our clap due to the overall sound and by watching those next to you. This is using our own human abilities.

    Tim JesselTim Jessel2 giorni fa
  • Women can even synchronize their periods if they get in to a close group for some time.

    Open HeartOpen Heart2 giorni fa
  • 19:05 "that's why we don't understand immune system very well... " Now that's some sort eye opening, especially theese days

    zokonjazokonjazokonjazokonja2 giorni fa
  • I'm not sure about the relation of fireflies, might it also be compared with sociology, people in large crowds now behaving as themselves because of how the crowd or atmosphere is, like a starling murmurstion perhaps? Very very interesting

    Cleveland explorerCleveland explorer2 giorni fa
  • Does this happen also to larger celestial bodies, planets oscillating around stars, stars around galaxies or even black holes?

    Juan David Navarro OrtegaJuan David Navarro Ortega2 giorni fa
  • The kiwiko crate won't ship to my country... Devastated 😭

    Airbag888Airbag8882 giorni fa
  • This is one of my favorite videos on ITworlds.

    Bottom Dollar Outdoors: Hunt. Fish. Grow.Bottom Dollar Outdoors: Hunt. Fish. Grow.2 giorni fa
  • plot twist : living in computer reality , just crashes after 155 player in same area and fix script working

    Ali Fatih YılmazAli Fatih Yılmaz2 giorni fa
  • The water doesn’t freeze at the same time...but I suppose y’all put that in there to screw with smart people and trick us into commenting 😭

    Bunny Bevy TVBunny Bevy TV2 giorni fa
  • This is vibration space time stuff

    Kris StepkeKris Stepke2 giorni fa
  • 13:50 imagine filling a pool with that stuff

    Jacob GardiepyJacob Gardiepy2 giorni fa
  • Millenium bridge pays homage to millenials. i.e. complete failures.

    The GornThe Gorn2 giorni fa
  • 2:16 "Famous Dutch physisis Christiaan Huygens" Everyone: "who?"

    The GornThe Gorn2 giorni fa
  • Can we see a similar pattern in the collection of thoughts in society?

    Jacob HoodJacob Hood2 giorni fa
  • How can we not understand the economy we as humans invite it. It's not part of nature or science

    TwistedVNMTwistedVNM3 giorni fa
  • Next time you are in traffic look at the turn signals they will synchronize then get out of synchronization then get back into synchronization

    TwistedVNMTwistedVNM3 giorni fa
  • i wonder, why is it when i'm at an intersection, blinkers synchronize aswell

    Tiny TuberTiny Tuber3 giorni fa
  • This makes me think of when I’m at a stop light and my blinker starts syncing up with the car in front of me for a few seconds

    Q QQ Q3 giorni fa
    • It only happens when you watch it.

      bipedalbobbipedalbob19 ore fa
  • Thats is an amazing insight- thank you for showing and explaining ?

    Stephen BirksStephen Birks3 giorni fa
  • 0:06 In NY I milly rock

    Miguel VMiguel V3 giorni fa
  • Adam Neely has entered the chat.

    Mirdjan HyleMirdjan Hyle3 giorni fa
  • The notion of the moon “rotating about its axis” has bugged me for a while and I think it comes down to the definition of rotation. When viewed from a fixed Newtonian frame of reference, as in your animation, an observer sees all sides of the moon, hence you could say it’s rotating. But it’s not rotating about its own axis. Once the moon has been tidally locked, it no longer rotates about its axis. The analogy would be the pedal on a bike where the pedal is the moon and the center of the crank is earth. If you held the pedal and did one full rotation the pedal would rotate about its axis and the “earth” would see all sides of the crank. But an observer in the room would only see one side of the crank. If instead you did not touch the pedal but rotated the crank one revolution, the pedal would clearly not rotate about its axis and the “earth” would only see one side of the pedal...but someone standing in the room would see all sides of the pedal and hence say that it was “rotating”.

    Allan SalzmanAllan Salzman3 giorni fa
  • explaining his first experiment. That was very cool to see.

    eioshen boboieioshen boboi3 giorni fa
  • What if several metronomes were set on a large plane that sit on balls instead of cylinders and the metronomes were facing towards the center in a square shape

    Collin WilkersonCollin Wilkerson3 giorni fa
  • 15:06 19:00 lol you seems convinced

    some timesome time3 giorni fa
  • I would like to know why fireflies will decide to gather around a random individual......and light up.... is it smell? It’s like they are in unison and in step with you and not anybody else around you.....odd

    Lisa GunnisonLisa Gunnison3 giorni fa
    • Rocket Ei are)uuuu

      eioshen boboieioshen boboi3 giorni fa
  • 9 million subscribers. He makes an episode featuring pendulums and can't get software that even comes close to illustrating pendulum motion. 🤨

    WeTubuleWeTubule3 giorni fa
  • I wonder if there is a psychosocial variety of this ... as well as explaining gradual changes in the way we interact with each other, what we are 'allowed' to say, and then even think - it would explain the almost complete ideological lockstep in our universities and amongst most media outlets... something related to the Overton Window perhaps

    Richard ShortallRichard Shortall4 giorni fa
  • we were 3-4 friends, alwys cycle together. i always used to think "How r we doing this or y r we doing this"

    Navin Singh screenNavin Singh screen4 giorni fa
  • In a complex system, chaos is the norm Women: hold my beer

    DarkDark4 giorni fa
  • Chinese medicine is about the property of the whole for human body instead of part by part. It looks at human body as one whole system. Unfortunately not so many people believe in it anymore...

    WendyWendy4 giorni fa
  • 15:01 Mr. Veritasium is Not impressed! 19:03 Mr. V. continues to be unimpressed

    WillarazWillaraz4 giorni fa
  • To be fair, the audience in Bucharest isn’t a part of the synchronization phenomenon. One person decides it’s time to do a slow-clap and build-up, and that person’s friend or the person on the other side thinks it’s a good idea, they get louder, people generally like the build-up of a slow-clap, and everyone chooses to get in on it.

    Zizi MugenZizi Mugen4 giorni fa
  • Based

    juanito arcoirisjuanito arcoiris4 giorni fa
  • I didn't know Christian Huygen was the singer of Led Zeppelin!

    Rusty ShacklefordRusty Shackleford4 giorni fa
  • Perfect harmony in creation. It’s a beautiful witness

    PlaySomething!PlaySomething!4 giorni fa
  • Yeah, you need another ad at 2 mins. No thanks. This entire video is based on a loose FALSE claim and a complete lack of understanding the fabric of the universe.

    Deep Thoughts RadioDeep Thoughts Radio5 giorni fa
  • Please make a video on Hindu calender, it is based on periodic nature of planets, and no error like we have... Leap year

    Mohit SharmaMohit Sharma5 giorni fa
  • If people clap in same time, it's because they want a "rappel (in french)". They want the artist back on the stage.

    Ethan In DeoEthan In Deo5 giorni fa
  • I once was taking a bath when I was 3 and got bored so I started to slide back and forth long ways and apperently I that enough I could not stop moving I would sit still and the water would pull me back and forth it took a while to slow it to a stop

    Sarah JusticeSarah Justice5 giorni fa
  • Rocket Ei are)uuuu

    Lillian EzeskyLillian Ezesky5 giorni fa
  • Wwwwwwwwwwwqssssss Rocket Ei are)uuuu

    Lillian EzeskyLillian Ezesky5 giorni fa
  • Everything has their own signature, also known as frequency and/or vibration.

    Phylum SìPhylum Sì5 giorni fa
  • Play 2 or more frequencies like 100hz and 100.1 hz You will hear it synchronise and go out of tune A sawtooth is best for this...

    plasma globe kid [PGK]plasma globe kid [PGK]5 giorni fa
  • Why am i underwelmed with this whole thing, like i get it but like, its just like duh, stuff movin that has weight tansfering weight and effecting the other object that is moving and it sinking up with eachother..

    Patrick bennett`Patrick bennett`5 giorni fa
  • The synchronized clapping sample is somewhat erroneous. People consciously adjust clapping based on mental influences, such as to keep tempo with a band playing music. If people were to naturally start clapping in unison it would seem so odd that they would likely adjust their clapping to be out of sync. Unless, of course, they were keeping time with music or some form of ritual chant. But then their synchronized clapping would be a conscious decision, not a natural phenomenon.

    HL9GY KoreaHL9GY Korea5 giorni fa
  • shoutouts to gurren lagan for the Spirals

    WULFAXEWULFAXE5 giorni fa
  • We are all just puppets to the universe..

    DuggiPlayzDuggiPlayz6 giorni fa
  • In a typical 20min Veritasium video, there is always a 2min period which put a smile on my face and tears in my eyes at the same time.

    kilaru kartheekkilaru kartheek6 giorni fa
  • Ah, randomness. Secret solved.

    99SamIAm9999SamIAm996 giorni fa
  • This was such a cool video.

    Jhon SmithJhon Smith6 giorni fa
  • This is common knowledge to those EE's who have designed all kinds of programmable oscillators with a limited Capture Range that depends on the Q of the resonator Q=fo/BW (-3dB ). Remember old TV's with Horizontal and vertical sync? There are other factors like Barhausen Criterion (Loop gain must =>+1) It also depends on phase compensation and phase/gain margin . Old TV CRT's worked with manual tuning the flyback oscillator so that it synced up to the TV signals. This was an injection locked loop (ILL) like the pendulums. Then came stable crystal oscillators were used with Phase Locked Loops (PLL) with phase mixers and filters. The internet and telephony uses Stratum 1 to 3 synchronized clocks all synchronized to a Cesium global clock. Then there are ATM's that are pleisiochronous or "almost" synchronous. The formula for this capture range is nonlinear partly from positive feedback and because of the Barkhausen criteria where damped oscillations may get amplified to sustain oscillations such that the loop gain must be >=+1 After which soft limiting stress keeps it a more or less sine wave and dampens the oscillation to be steady like the Wein (Wien?) Oscillator. The harmonic content of bridge failures is because Civil engineers didn't understand what EE's already knew about harmonic content (THD) and intermodulation (IM) distortion, where nonlinear materials create sub-harmonic (sum and ) difference frequencies. This is fundamental to all radio design. (no pun intended). The theory of the whole being greater than the sum of the parts is also a passion to me and my son who described to me his theory that global consciousness of brain waves sometimes matches the Schuman frequencies of upper ionospheric magneto resonance from solar flares pinging the magnetic ring fields around earth and some get into sync like the old TV Hsync injection oscillators.

    Anthony StewartAnthony Stewart6 giorni fa
  • Aren’t Jupiter’s moons spinning in a 1,2,4 motion based on Kemplars law?

    markhrabemarkhrabe6 giorni fa
  • Simply think in terms of vibrations, vibration should he evenly distributed along the system, it can only be achieved when in sync.

    Kartikey SinghKartikey Singh6 giorni fa
  • If we all start the video at the same time... then pause and play every second, maybe we could crash Google's servers??? 😜

    Andrew StevensonAndrew Stevenson6 giorni fa
  • I don't think the audience in Budapest was real.

    Orphan Of OrbitOrphan Of Orbit6 giorni fa
  • Life is a spiral towards balance.

    Orphan Of OrbitOrphan Of Orbit6 giorni fa
  • Bamboo flowers 1 time in 60-100years(IIRC) and no matter how far away they are, they flower at the same time on the whole planet

    Vladimir GromVladimir Grom6 giorni fa
  • the art of syncronizing people and their actions independent of their believes by micro targeting social media input is standard modern warfare.

    Marcel NehrigMarcel Nehrig6 giorni fa
  • The heart spirals just make me think if Uzamaki now. I’m imagining the visual of someone tearing out their own heart with their bare hands just to get at the invisible spiral.

    Hansford XHansford X6 giorni fa
    • You need som milk

      Ryu CartelRyu Cartel3 giorni fa
  • Reminds me of chaos management.

    GeoDGeoD7 giorni fa
  • But 10:07 there is one old geezer out of sync. 6th row from the top, 7th human from the left.

    AlexZanderAlexZander7 giorni fa
  • Good video - you didn’t use the word entrainment - wondered why - you know same thing happens when women work in close groups - our cycles entrain - good video - well done

    Earth Dreams ChannelEarth Dreams Channel7 giorni fa
  • Sir make a diy oxygen cylinder from lpg cylinder india needs it . I can do the work. But need direction it can save lifes

    Saumyadeep MahataSaumyadeep Mahata7 giorni fa
  • Storm clouds

    Walter MellonWalter Mellon7 giorni fa
  • Whenever a lot of people are having a chat to the point where the room was so noisy and then suddenly everyone just stop talking to complete silence is someting that is mesmerising and scares me. It's like they/we unknowingly agree to stop talking at the same time

    Ahmad KhilfiAhmad Khilfi7 giorni fa
    • @Cibin Thomas YES

      Gabriel joaquinne NatividadGabriel joaquinne Natividad2 giorni fa
    • and then someone farts during complete silence and it's so awkward

      The GornThe Gorn2 giorni fa
    • If that happens when playing an instrument it’s usually that people have to breathe at the same time and it’s weird

      Glizzy ManGlizzy Man2 giorni fa
    • My theory.....everyone realizes when they can no longer hear themselves talk......that it’s time to dial it back......or you all decide to lip read😁

      Lisa GunnisonLisa Gunnison3 giorni fa
    • Omg this has happened in my classroom so many times in class and each time I think a teacher entered the room or someone did something wrong

      Vishvesh KVishvesh K4 giorni fa
  • what is the name of the equipment used for mixing the colours? (12:04)

    保羅保羅7 giorni fa
  • I couldnt stop laughing at the people on the bridge mindlessly swaying back and forth like npc's

    Alexander SkrabaczAlexander Skrabacz7 giorni fa
  • At the most fundamental level, it happens because of quantum entanglement

    fLaMePr0oFfLaMePr0oF7 giorni fa
  • Best way to win this failed war is 40 highest infected nations work with 40 lowest: 1) ISLANDS like CAY, BHRN, CYPR, SYCL, SLNK, SnMRT, ARUB, CRC, MNCO, BRB, MLT, Canaries. 2) ATOLLS like BORA-BORA, MLDV, BETWEEN NZ-PHL. 3) Center-Near-Sea, like SNGP, TLND, UAE, ERT, SRB, ISR, VTN, NRW, FIN, DNM, NL. 4) Landlocked with tight borders, like ANDR, BHT, MNGL, USB. 5) DIET, CULTURE, VIRUS CONTROL ABILITY, VCR, of each of 80 nations.* LIST of ORDERED BY: 1) Virus Control Ability, VCA, of 80 Nations, Source below, 2) Life Expectancy by World Ranking, inside [..], 3) VIRUS DEATHS RATIOS %, 4) 80-days-VCA-History-TRENDS, inside (..), 5) Deaths in each, by 4/29/21. 6) RULES OF LOCAL CLIMATES THERMODYNAMICS. 1 - [4] SNGPR 0.05(0.05) 30................. 2 - [114] BHTN 0.09(0.12) 1 3 - [33] MLDV 0.25(0.32) 71..................4 - [126] MNGL 0.29(0.11) 97 5 - [49] TLND 0.29(0.43) 178..................6 - [145] ERTR 0.27(0.33) 10 7 - [41] UAE 0.31(0.28) 1,580...................8 - [47] BHRN 0.36(0.36) 617 9 - [63) MLAS 0.37(0.36) 1,477................10 - [93] CYMN 0.37(0.51) 2 11- [8] ICL 0.45(0.48) 29.................12 - [28] CYPR 0.48(0.64) 303 13 - [94] SYCL 0.49(0.42) 26.................14 - [37] CUBA 0.59(0.83) 614 15 - [51] SLNK 0.63(0.49) 661.................16 - [19] MRTNQ 0.64(0.70) 68 17 - [14] NRW 0.67(0.75) 753.................18 - [45] SnMRT 0.70(0.97) 12 19 - [100] USBK 0.72(0.79) 646.................20 - [55] BORA-BORA 0.75(0.73) 141 21 - [9] ISR 0.76 (0.74) 6,361.................22 - [43] CURC 0.88(0.44) 107 23 - [65] SRB 0.92(0.89) 6,312..................24 - [108] CBVRD 0.93(0.95) 211 25 - [45] ESTN 0.95(0.92) 1,148..................26 - [21] ANDORA 0.95(1.01) 125 27 - [150] PAP 0.98(1.06) 107..................28 - [15] NZ 1.00(1.04) 26 29 - [29] DNMK 0.99(1.02) 2,481.................30 - [22] FIN 1.05(1.55) 908 31 - [43] OMN 1.05(1.08) 1942.................32 - [121] VNZL 1.07(0.94) 2,082 33 - [34] TWN 1.08(0.78) 12..................34 - [15] NL 1.15(1.43) 17,104 35 - [34] BRB 1.15(1.10) 44..................36 - [84] JRD 1.23(1.10) 8,707 37 - [72] VTN 1.22(2.26) 35..................38 - [2] MNCO 1.31(1.28) 32 39 - [13] MLT 1.37(1.35) 413...................40 - [73] ARUB 0.93(0.91) 98 Best way to win this failed war: 40 lowest infected nations work with 12 highest: 41- [35] U.S. 1.78(1.69) 586,650 ** .......42 - [66] BRZL 2.73(2.44) 392,204 43 - [75] MXC 9.23(8.51) 215,113............44 - [128] INDIA 1.12(1.37) 203,991 45 - [25] UK 2.89(2.83) 127,451............46 - [5] ITL 3.01(3.47) 119,912 47 - [103] RUS 2.28(2.11) 108,980............48 - [12] FR 1.88(2.40) 103,256 49 - [25] GRM 2.49(2.59) 82,551 ...........50 - [6] SP 2.23(2.07) 77,738 51 - [58] PRU 3.38(3.42) 60,013............52 - [153] SAF 3.43(3.39) 54,186 Best way to win this failed war: 40 lowest infected nations also work with Nations ordered by index 3): Sweden 1.46 to YEMEN 119.40: 53 - [11] SWD 1.46(2.04) 14,000...............54 - [3] SWS 1.62(1.80) 10,615 55 - [24] AST 1.65(1.76) 10,152...............46 - [118] PHL 1.67(2.11) 17,031 57 - [76] SAR 1.67(1.72) 6,922...............48 - [160] KNY 1.68(1.74) 2,643. 59 - [2] JPN 1.75(1.93) 10,004..............60 - [57] MRCO 1.77(1.74) 8,999 61 - [1] HK 1.78(?) 209...............62 - [49] ALB 1.82(1.71) 2,379 63 - [14] CND 2.02(2.51) 24,065 ..............64 - [20] PRTG 2.03(1.70) 16,970 65 - [108] UKR 2.11(1.83) 42,950...............66 - [23] BLG 2.47 (3.03) 24,065 67 - [48] CLMB 2.58(2.59) 71,799...............68 - [15] GRC 3.01(3.60) 10,179 69 - [98] ELSV 3.07(3.08) 2,117................70 - [7] AU 3.06(3.19) 910 71 - [86] GTML 3.38(3.54) 7,428...............72 - [59] TUNS 3.43(3.48) 10,170 73 - [54] HUNG 3.49(3.40) 26,984..............74 - [?] BLGR 4.03(?) 16,101 75 - [117] BLV 4.30(4.56) 12,861..............76 - [51] EQD 4.88(5.26) 18,300 77 - [54] CN 5.12(5.18) 4,636...............78 - [109] SYR 6.95(6.68) 1,548 79 - [146] SDN 7.12(6.75) 2,340...............80 - [144] YMN 19.40(29.0) 1,120 IMPACT: - Compare TABLE with Nov 2 to Dec 4, 9, 12, 20, 24, 28, 2020 CDR, in %: [Germany] 1.97-.61-.67-.68-.77-.83-.84................. [NL] 2.11; 1.78-.71-.68-.55-.49-.44 [Finland] 2.20; 1.54-.51-.51-.49-.54-.54................. [U.S.] 2.51; 1.95-.88-.87-.79-.77-.74 [Brazil] 2.89-.71-.66-.65-.59-.57-.55....................... [France] 2.69-.40-.44-.44-.47-.47-.45 [Spain] 2.89-.72-.72-.73-.65-.69-.66....................... [AU] 3.28-.25-.24-.24-.23-.21-.21 [Canada] 4.30; 3.15; 2.98-.86-.82-76-.71................[UK] 4.51; 3.59-.54-.53-.35-.21-.09 [Sweden] 4.78; 2.57-.39-.35-.18-.09-.09.................[China] 5.39-.35-.35-.35-.34-.33-.33 [Italy] 5.47; 4.35; 3.49;-.51-.59-.54..........................[Mexico] 9.92-.82-.49-.26; 8.91-.85 * LOCAL CLIMATES THERMODYNAMICS, LCT, is based on Worldwide Acclaimed book COSMOLOGY, PHYSICS and PHILOSOPHY, [Amazon], followed by editorials, reviews, comments at U-tube, 'in', ~10 M References-Citations by Google. ** US # includes low infected in islands/atolls between NZ & PHL. RULES and CONCLUSIONS OF LOCAL CLIMATES THERMODYNAMICS LCT 1. No country, alone, can cause end of this failing war. LCT 2. Best way to win this failed war is 40 highest infected nations work with 40 lowest. LCT 3. WHO should be all-nations PANDEMIC-CZAR to force end of this failing war. LCT 4. Add local sea climates, defined by Conclusions above, to stop millions more to die. Click name for free scientific books, editorials, articles, reviews at U-tube. Sources: Thousands dedicated Drs., Nurses, Health Care Workers in ~180 nations daily reporting to US. J H UNIVERSITY, World Health Organization, WHO, published and reordered here, as defined above by 1), 3), 4), 5). Copyrights, etc.: Prof.-Dr. Benjamin Gal-Or and David Galor.

    Benjamin Gal-OrBenjamin Gal-Or7 giorni fa
  • This is the best youtube channel for years. And it's getting better all the time. Thank you for this incredible content!

    KalinaKalina7 giorni fa
  • Hey. How does heart beat perpetually?

    Harrjeeth SenthilHarrjeeth Senthil7 giorni fa
  • Nilered's chemistry

    Ajey RathodAjey Rathod7 giorni fa
  • You look at anything long enough and it seems orderly

    Ross PhillipRoss Phillip7 giorni fa
  • Fascinating!

    David HDavid H7 giorni fa
  • The stairs in the engineering building of my college had this problem (Marquette University!). The stairs are central to the building and only supported at the base and top, the sides are free. When walking up the stairs, you'd bounce up and down a little bit as it oscillated. They fixed it within a year, if you looked there were cantilevered masses under each set of stairs that wobbled and let the stairs stay stationary.

    Astro143_Astro143_7 giorni fa
  • your videos are awesome, I enjoy watching because you display information in a way that's easy to process. keep up the good work

    kristopher mezeikristopher mezei7 giorni fa
  • 19:01 suddenly he came 😂 Surprise

    Narayan ChetriNarayan Chetri7 giorni fa
  • 14:00 patterns in liquids and the heart. Sometimes, when I close my eyes and some light object has left a mark, I can see the flash leftover change colors, going from dark blue, to green to purple and back to blue again, all dark, something like solarization in photography. The interesting thing is that where the mark was stronger it may be blue, while middle marks look green and darker marks look purple... and they all change and cycle together forming patterns exactly like the ones in the heart. Eyes don't have muscles inside, so it might be some chemical or electrical process in the cells but I always wondered why it cycled like that. I think it's amazing! This could be an explanation for the effect. Does anyone else ever noticed anything like this. You don't need to look at a bright light, just close your eyes, objects in white will be some color. Darker objects will be the others. Please, don't hurt your eyes testing this in some extreme way. Also, it's not something that I see everytime I close my eyes. Just sometimes. And don't expect to see rainbows either, the effect is subtle, pitch black. Of course, cause your eyes will be closed :D

    Lucas 'Ktulu789'Lucas 'Ktulu789'8 giorni fa
  • Complexity has the same set of synchronization systems that simple systems do, but they are different and unique to the nature of the complexity. This is due to the simple fact that where simple systems may be unitary in their response, complex systems will take that unity from simple systems and make those unities into a greater synchronized unity that may be totally different from the simple unity forms: I.E. - The universe is a complex complexity that expresses as simple chaos.

    Kyllein MacKellerannKyllein MacKellerann8 giorni fa
  • If the bridge didn't wobble, their wouldn't be synchronized walking. They are walking in step to counter the wobble and center their balance. The centering of balance becomes a feed back loop.

    alexp247365alexp2473658 giorni fa
  • I don't say this to a lot of people, but your videos are perfect to watch when you eat.

    norknork8 giorni fa
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