Why Robots That Bend Are Better

18 feb 2021
2 266 555 visualizzazioni

Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

  • Don’t let China enslave the United States of America. Do you think a Chinese mind could think up a robot like this😂😂😂✨ I don’t even think they would want to being enslaved the way they are. The best minds are free minds🧠

    Enterprise Galileo llEnterprise Galileo ll4 minuti fa
  • I mean this could be perfect safe robot, i mean of course it will need stronger motors and everything but if you could crawl in, and i don't know imagine that building is in fire and you can't really get out this fella could do this.

    Peter QuadPeter Quad8 minuti fa
  • This year the 2021' will be the 20th anniversary on attack on Twin Tower in New York, even today if i think about it i see again the people fall,people that for not burn alive has choice to jump over the window and die...many times i think why not exist a system for can escape in safety on skyscrapers? Why Engineers,Scientists,Researchers dont have found some solution? In London in 2017 14 june has burn a Grenfell Tower,24 floor,72 people die burn alive or the "most lucky" suffocated on fumes...in the World are not rare atrocity like this,today skyscrapers are in all World,but system on safety again are not adequate...

    alfpolo29alfpolo292 ore fa
  • Sir how can I be a applied physicist

    Manish KumarManish Kumar2 ore fa
  • Cool... I still prefer Gundam.

    JacksonJackson5 ore fa
  • It’s less scary than atlas

    D.ID.I8 ore fa
  • Mark Rober.

    Jurie VersterJurie Verster8 ore fa
  • There’s a joke to be made there somewhere...

    CaptainStinkCaptainStink8 ore fa
  • Take a shot everytime he says compliance

    Pidde BasPidde Bas11 ore fa
  • Hello sir.. Can you make video on why planets revolve in elliptical orbit (considering general relativity)

    Sukshith S. M.Sukshith S. M.13 ore fa
  • From what I know, nothing of any use has been produced by soft robotics research for as long as people have been working on them. They're just useless university projects that go nowhere, just like those absolutely useless self-assembling cube robots that can do jack all. After the last Asimo, Boston Dynamics Atlus is the biggest advancemt we've made in the feild of robotics in the last 30 years.

    Luqmaan RashidLuqmaan Rashid13 ore fa
    • @Huzufu yes, 30 yrs, then 15 years, then 6.5 yrs, etc.

      Fing BookFing Book4 ore fa
    • Keep in mind these are still very early stages. It's worth exploring weird ideas like this because that's what science is all about. Even if it isnt very useful, at least it was explored fully. Only by trying and testing a ton of ideas can we stumble on revolutionary ones.

      HuzufuHuzufu9 ore fa
  • Bravo et merci

    Solutions & DébrouilleSolutions & Débrouille14 ore fa
  • 0:08 Prototype of a freaking 'A.T.A.T.'

    bouytt guytbouytt guyt17 ore fa
  • There is absolutely no point in trying. To stop this technology it is inevitable. The end of mankind by robotics is inevitable. Not in our lifetime or our children... But its 100% guaranteed

    Maxwell BacaMaxwell Baca17 ore fa
  • I love that this video showed up in my recs after a long string of Combat robotics videos xD

    Leviathan's IrisLeviathan's Iris18 ore fa
  • I don't think they'll ever be more capable than hard, rigid robots. I think hard robots will just get smarter A.I. and more joints and rotation points, thereby giving them a wider range of applications they can handle and being better at not hurting humans. Maybe some specific situations where they have to directly deal with people, but I think advanced A.I. and maybe a squishy shell applied to a hard robot would more than make up for that.

    Melon CollieMelon Collie18 ore fa
    • tecnicly electricty are difine robot we more toclking about air autaton

      bouytt guytbouytt guyt17 ore fa
  • i like this style of video a lot more. not that design-by-committee network tv video like last time. small robot! soft submarines my g

    commenty commentercommenty commenter18 ore fa
  • The needless money happily play because sunflower inspiringly fax apropos a tan peripheral. wary, adjoining sailor

    Zizi GurraZizi Gurra19 ore fa
    • Hello bot man

      S S AS S A12 ore fa
  • Yo

    Alex BoiAlex Boi19 ore fa
  • It's just dawned on me you could tell people you're Elon Musk with that mask on

    Bill StickersBill Stickers20 ore fa
    • @commenty commenter if you think you dont need a genius level intellect to become the richest person on planet earth from scratch then I guess maybe

      S S AS S A12 ore fa
    • @commenty commenter That would be someone like Jeff Bezos. Elon is actually chief engineer at SpaceX. Does he delegate and have amazing teams of people who are also brilliant? Of couse, but he's far from just a rich owner.

      Ethan ShearerEthan Shearer12 ore fa
    • yeah except elon is not a genius, he's just a rich guy who owns the work of a bunch of scientists

      commenty commentercommenty commenter18 ore fa
  • How about making a video on air pressure? specifically testing if higher air pressure stops projectiles, what pressure humans could fly at without any power assistance if it makes a difference, and see if higher pressure would reduce terminal velocity so humans could survive any drop. Im interested for video game purposes rather than wanting humans injured lol.

    Captain HamburgersCaptain Hamburgers22 ore fa
  • what if u make the tubes out of sponge or permanent soft material?

    Nova SamaNova Sama23 ore fa
  • Kiełbasa xD

    Marcin GeborskiMarcin GeborskiGiorno fa
  • I am satisfied with my care

    alex mejiaalex mejiaGiorno fa
  • Seth Rogan as a Robotics Major

    Evan DonaldsonEvan DonaldsonGiorno fa
  • I don´t find any of the Boston Dynamics robots creepy or terrifying, by the contrary I find them really astonishing, epic and gives me hope for a better future. All those comments about creppyness are the actual creepy stuf about human intelligence imo, also cringy and repetitive.

    Drawerick 92Drawerick 92Giorno fa
  • what a loser

    XVHK GreenXVHK GreenGiorno fa
  • Does it blend

    Jay TeeJay TeeGiorno fa
  • *Many robots (including soft robots) are programmed for locomotion and other forms of motor control based upon the wiring principles of central pattern generators* (CPGs)-neural circuits that produce a wide frequency range of oscillatory rhythmic outputs even in the absence of sensory feedback-that have been adapted by evolution over hundreds of millions of years across the animal kingdom for axial, quadrupedal, and bipedal locomotion, as well as many other peculiar forms of locomotion, including rolling locomotion akin to that of the robot showcased in this video here. After several months of preparation, I'll soon be posting vids from my perspective as a Harvard neurobiologist and scientific editor/consultant. Cheers.

    Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.Aaron M. Lambert, Ph.D.Giorno fa
    • eugh your so pretentious i read your channel description and you just say stuff so unnecessarily "fancily" or should i say "I was perusing the popular website in collaboration with google and multiple creators, most of whom live apon the large sphereical celestial body of rock and many other matireals, that we have given the name "earth" when i "(full name and family history)"happened apon a cinneamatogriphacal creation featureing a few of said web residing videographers. as my neurons fired in a specific way i moved the joints in my right hand north (in a collision course with my 6.5cm by 13cm lithium battery powered samsung model sm a320fl smartphone) at an approximately 120 degree angle to said phones glass screen in a way that contacted with the phone and caused the websites code to run a command redirected me to the video i had come across only seconds prior. What followed was my brain urging me to see the interaction and response of the subscribership of the video leading me to the "comment section" i cant be bothered to talk like this any more thats when i came across someone who wanted to sound smart by drawing out their sentences to draw attention to your channel i hate when ppl do this because it makes science(or any field basically ) sound like its super complex, when most of the time, they are describing the equivelent of i droped my ice cream and that made me sad i like 10 pages of nonesense

      BaRacK jOe-mAmABaRacK jOe-mAmA4 minuti fa
    • Fascinating my guy. Subbed!

      Mopandi BlooperbuttMopandi BlooperbuttGiorno fa
  • After seeing this I could remember the robot in the interstellar movie. That was a great robot really. Change my entire visualisation of a robot.

    Akshay PandeyAkshay PandeyGiorno fa
  • tecnicly electricty are difine robot we more toclking about air autaton

    EnderGamerXPEnderGamerXPGiorno fa
  • 6:09 In inches? Ew. This is a joke.

    Talal AlqarniTalal AlqarniGiorno fa
  • next title: why female robots that bend are better

    unconscious 7xunconscious 7xGiorno fa
  • The dry pull lilly mix because tempo orly moan out a makeshift customer. chivalrous, humorous jump

    alexander jimenezalexander jimenezGiorno fa
  • *Just built different*

    Naved HasanNaved HasanGiorno fa
  • Reminds me of the IROBOT chembot

    Paul GaryPaul GaryGiorno fa
  • these bots are built different

    HugoHugoGiorno fa
  • That background noise is his beard scratching isn’t it?

    spideral187spideral187Giorno fa
  • Maaannnnn....... I love this guy

    Radhey MishraRadhey MishraGiorno fa
  • I suppose you could call them... Bender robots

    PixelDoughPixelDoughGiorno fa
  • Solution looking for a problem

    B TB TGiorno fa
  • how tf would u pressurize the tubes in space without air

    Dick CheeseDick CheeseGiorno fa
    • Air is inside the tubes, not outside. Compressed air cans and closed loops

      mortaché de muertemortaché de muerteGiorno fa
  • it useless, and worthless............defeats the purpose of a robot,,,,,,,,you cant mount anything to it.

    Doesn't MatterDoesn't MatterGiorno fa
  • Robot: *Bends* Humans: "Its better!"

    P-ARTP-ARTGiorno fa
  • Pretty much y'all are gay

    Dismantle HAARPDismantle HAARPGiorno fa
  • I am severely disappointed in the lack of hard robot jokes.

    sehhi vootysehhi vootyGiorno fa
  • How about a robot built out of fluids or even magnetic fields 😯

    Dustin OlsenDustin OlsenGiorno fa
  • just take a body shaped balloon bit the same mechanics on the in side and sow it up easy someone do this plz

    Roger McCartyRoger McCartyGiorno fa
    • Let's think this through, Rog. Body shaped balloon is a great framework. Imagine compliant 'muscle' tubing on the underside of the skin. The pneumatic driver could be in the hip area, and processing in the head. Assuming you could maintain air pressure effectively with a strong fabric and expandable lining, that doesn't seem like an impossible task.

      FetalKnievelFetalKnievel23 ore fa
    • nvm that wouldent work idk

      Roger McCartyRoger McCartyGiorno fa
  • Very nice.........SOFT?, just stay away from those sharp corners for now, until they develop blowup motors, aluminum, electricity, bots, nuts, you get my drift!

    INFOCUS MediaINFOCUS MediaGiorno fa
    • That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.

      sehhi vootysehhi vootyGiorno fa
  • All these so called 'smart guys' wearing face diapers for a bs flu with 99.97 survival. guess none of them read their savior fauchis paper on why the spanish flu was compounded and got so bad (hint masks)

    Richard KeyRichard KeyGiorno fa
  • But Betamax is a hard robot. It just has an inflated balloon around it. The core and its movement is all hard structure.

    EE EhrenbergEE EhrenbergGiorno fa
  • So its soft, and can change shape....great?

    Durpswag Jr.Durpswag Jr.2 giorni fa
  • "Why robots that bend are better" Bender: 😁

    aboodi the destroyeraboodi the destroyer2 giorni fa
  • This is baymax's great grandad

    Cian Mac phaidinCian Mac phaidin2 giorni fa
  • Hm... Rigid robot uses: Manufacturing, Building, warfare, secondary phases of colonization. Soft robot uses: Medicine, direct human contact usage, rescue, first phases of colonization.

    ψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψ2 giorni fa
  • Thought you meant bend like Bender Rodriguez

    Ben DoverBen Dover2 giorni fa
  • bender agrees

    Raf TaktRaf Takt2 giorni fa
  • Aan deze militaire natte droom die volledig geheim en verboden ondezoek bevat ga je niet gelijk dood . Parkingson, Altzheimer, mad cow zijn door prion veroorzaakte ziektes die pas over 2 jaar zich breed gaan manifesteren. Nu snap je de Angst van overheden.

    Erik LakenErik Laken2 giorni fa
  • The envious riverbed admittedly punish because can sicily arrest into a victorious composition. fretful, ragged arch

    Yundt RosamondYundt Rosamond2 giorni fa
  • Dit is er aan de hand. Sars-CoV-2 A Weaponized Prion Disorder Disquised as Respiratory Disease. Hier werken groot machten als China, Rusland en Amerika al jaren in het geheim aan en is helaas ontsnapt uit een biolab in Wohan.

    Erik LakenErik Laken2 giorni fa
  • This is awkward

    Zach HammondZach Hammond2 giorni fa
  • Its like the strandbeests

  • there's no air in space

    tomey tomeytomey tomey2 giorni fa
  • That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.

    J VillainJ Villain2 giorni fa
  • "Why Rockets that Bend are Better"

    Onin D.Onin D.2 giorni fa
    • Lol 😂😂

      Aayush DhunganaAayush Dhungana5 ore fa
  • These are nicer than humanoid, because a human like machine that can move, interact and talk is creepy

    Your Slavic FriendYour Slavic Friend2 giorni fa
  • 8:46 Bay Max from Big-Hero 6 came to mind when he said that.

    Sameer TariqSameer Tariq2 giorni fa
    • Nevermind he mentioned it lol.

      Sameer TariqSameer Tariq2 giorni fa
  • only thing i didnt like about this video is that your voice keeps changing sides

    BoisqBoisq2 giorni fa

    • The apple was attached to the tree by its stem while accelerating. The stem broke from this force and stopped accelerated while everyone around it (including Newton) continued to accelerate.

      Cam SCam SGiorno fa
  • no comments or jokes about Futurama's Bender? im disappointed in y'all

    Mauricio Tejeda DavilaMauricio Tejeda Davila2 giorni fa
  • >its soft, so its safe around humans ...

  • kielbasa :D

    Piotr BiesekPiotr Biesek2 giorni fa
  • good video

    kenh tong hopkenh tong hop2 giorni fa
  • Why I cant even see the sub button? Serious Question.

    Muhammadim Yusoff JamaluddinMuhammadim Yusoff Jamaluddin2 giorni fa
  • i preffer my robot stiff

    Miguel Antonio BuenaventuraMiguel Antonio Buenaventura2 giorni fa
  • We now have the ability to create Baymax irl

    bodoti qwiubodoti qwiu2 giorni fa
    • Nice stats

      Secret NinjaSecret NinjaGiorno fa
  • Baymax is my favorite soft robot

    Skylark LandingSkylark Landing2 giorni fa
  • half of boston robot dynamic videos are cgi anyways lmfao!!

    Travis DarkTravis Dark2 giorni fa
  • Michael Rosen called it, guys ***bendy bendy bendy! Bendyy bendyy***

    Lord Habitaxe of PrydoniaLord Habitaxe of Prydonia2 giorni fa
    • nice pfp 👍

      Nit3mare_btwNit3mare_btw2 giorni fa

    Ramesh LamichhaneRamesh Lamichhane2 giorni fa
    • we're one step closer to having a real life baymax

      bodoti qwiubodoti qwiu2 giorni fa
  • TARS? is that you?

    Imroz TowhidImroz Towhid2 giorni fa
  • Oh dang! Kiełbasa right there!!!♥️

    Bartek SBartek S2 giorni fa
  • Every one the robots will take over the world..... the robots haha soft robots go bbbbrrrrr

    MR.terra69MR.terra692 giorni fa
  • The glamorous pollution commercially consist because opera randomly cause within a open july. crazy, rainy person

    hivek mosathivek mosat2 giorni fa
  • Hey Derek, I have a physics question for you, its kind of hard to explain while typing but it concerns controlling gravity. I think I have a 33% chance of this theory being correct, if you are interested I can give you my email later. Thanks, Josh.

    jwpx11jwpx112 giorni fa
    • Yea ikr it has to do with Einstein's theory of relativity and curved spacetime

      jwpx11jwpx112 giorni fa
    • lol what? hahahhaha

      Christian NievesChristian Nieves2 giorni fa
  • I love this video as a high schooler and a software lead and a captain of an FRC robotics team who loves and adored robots and robot making!

    mind.hacker999mind.hacker9992 giorni fa
  • Kill JESUS with Cinnamon. For they have no breath and cannot speak and hear. Cyborgs

    Carlo052 GCarlo052 G2 giorni fa
  • Who wants to bet which will come first Robot anime girls or colonization on mars

    CrazyNoodlesCrazyNoodles2 giorni fa
    • "A thing isn't beautiful because it lasts." - Vision

      shomproonsshomproons8 ore fa
  • Cool, so instead of having your skull crushed by a terminator you get smothered by a sentient jumping castle.

    Reanetse MolelekiReanetse Moleleki2 giorni fa
  • It's just a hop, a skip, and a jump away from needing a leg up.

    Toughen Up, FluffyToughen Up, Fluffy2 giorni fa
  • just put some stans tire sealant inside the bot in case it springs a leak it'll seal itself

    nigel_bdnigel_bd2 giorni fa
  • the compressed air robot at 1:03 looks like a sea pig hehe

    embRellish eembRellish e2 giorni fa
  • we're one step closer to having a real life baymax

    DarkDark2 giorni fa
    • I think baymax just has alot of air but a metal skeleton

      FusionniteFusionnite28 minuti fa
    • @ITworlds Dark Mode he just doesnt believe in hopes for the future, or rather hes a hopeless hoper.

      shomproonsshomproons8 ore fa
    • @Kevin what?

      YouTube Dark ModeYouTube Dark ModeGiorno fa
    • @Nevaehs Pets same

      Dave D'souzaDave D'souzaGiorno fa
    • @Nevaehs Pets same

      Любослав НиколовЛюбослав Николов2 giorni fa
  • nice stuff!

    Vicente EsnaolaVicente Esnaola2 giorni fa
  • Bender: Shut up baby I know it!

    Blitz The FoxBlitz The Fox2 giorni fa
  • looks pretty useless at that dev. level.

    Klaus HippKlaus Hipp2 giorni fa
  • I see BIG HERO in the future

    ki koyki koy2 giorni fa
  • Soft robots yeah

    Dipesh SatrangeDipesh Satrange2 giorni fa
  • Wasn't the T-1000 a soft robot? You know, when it wanted to be.

    Mark VrankovichMark Vrankovich2 giorni fa
  • Will you still call a robot to something that doesn't integrate electronics?

    Mat BlazMat Blaz2 giorni fa